- Search conducted by Amanda Donoghue from March 4 – March 8, 2019
- Keywords: stampede, stampeded, stampeding, various combinations of synonyms of stampede + slave (slave + exodus, slave + escape, etc.)
- Total: 1 hit
- “The free negroes at [Murfreesboro], Tenn, took a compulsory stampede from that place last week. Their depredations had become insufferable to the citizens, and their pernicious influence among the slave population made them a serious grievance. Self-preservation compelled the whites to stringent measures to get rid of them, and a general stampede ensued during last week.” (Boonville MO Boonville Weekly Observer, December 13, 1856)
- Boonville Weekly Observer was a newspaper run from 1854 to 1856 out of Booneville, MO in Cooper County, and is accessible online through the State Historical Society of Missouri’s digital newspapers collection.
- The December 1856 article on Murfreesboro, TN featured above was originally printed in the New York Herald, explained in this post.
- An 1855 issue of this paper uses the word “stampede” to describe a forced migration of Kickapoo Native Americans (Boonville MO Boonville Weekly Observer, September 22, 1855)