The purpose of this lesson is to introduce the issue of slavery to fourth grade students. The lesson will introduce students to the personal experience of a slave and help them make a personal connection to this experience. From there it will explore the motivations and dangers of running away for a slave. Through this exploration, students will learn that some slaves were not alone. There were different people who may have helped them in their quest for freedom. This will lead into the fifth grade lesson on the different groups of people who disagreed with slavery. Fourth graders will get to listen to the fifth grade persuasive point of views.
o What can happen if you break the law? What could happen to your family?
o Would it be easy to walk to Coventry Mall (or other local landmark)? 2 miles away. King of Prussia Mall? 23 miles away. 250 miles is mentioned in “The Journey.” Show distance on map.
o Henry “Box” Brown: http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/boxbrown/boxbrown.html , PP. 59-62
o Recollections of Slavery by a Runaway Slave. A slave narrative serialized in The Emancipator in 1838. The Emancipator, August 23, 1838. From the Advocate of Freedom. RECOLLECTIONS OF SLAVERY. BY A RUNAWAY SLAVE. http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/runaway/runaway.html
o Linda Brent (AKA Harriet Jacobs): http://education.ucdavis.edu/new/stc/lesson/socstud/railroad/BrentEsc.htm
1. Tell students that in our study, we have learned that some slaves had help escaping.
2. Help students to recall names and/or roles of helpers they have learned about.
3. Listen to fifth grade persuasive paragraphs. Discuss.