Category Archives: Memory & Meaning (1865-2015)

1869 –BLUE-GRAY REUNION

This picture from ten volume The Photographic History of the Civil War edited by Francis Miller (1911) highlights an unexpected gathering of former Confederate generals, including Robert E. Lee,  and a few former Union generals such as John Geary and Lew Wallace that occurred in White Sulphur Springs, Virginia in August 1869. This was probably the first photograph of a “Blue-Gray” reunion. For full details, consult Miller’s volume 10 (Armies and Leaders) at Google Books, and see especially p. 4.

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1892 (Arguing for Justice) Ida Bell Wells

Ida Bell Wells-Barnett (House Divided)

Life & Family
Her parents died from yellow fever in 1878. Wells married Ferdinand L. Barnett in 1895 and had four children: Charles, Herman, Ida, and Alfreda.

Sources
As part of her campaign against lynching, Wells published several pamphlets, including Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases (1892), The Red Record: Tabulated Statistics and Alleged Causes of Lynching in the United States (1895), and Mob Rule In New Orleans: Robert Charles and His Fight to Death, the Story of His Life, Burning Human Beings Alive, Other Lynching Statistics (1900). The Ida B. Wells Papers are at the Joseph Regenstein Library, University of Chicago. Other important primary sources include Trudier Harris’ Selected Works of Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1991) and Miriam DeCosta-Willis’ … Read the rest

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1899 (Arguing for Justice) Presly Holliday

Presly Holliday, 1902

Life & Family
Sgt. Presley (also Pressley or Presly) Holliday, USA
(1873-1954)
Steelton High School (Class of 1890), Married Estelle M. Hill
Buried in Midland Cemetery

Sources
Key primary sources include the following letters:

Presley Holliday’s letter to the editor of the New York Age, April 22, 1899 (response to Theodore Roosevelt)

Presly Holliday to George Myers June 8, 1901

Reply To Mr. Lainer,” Washington (DC) Post, May 1, 1935, p. 8: 4-5.

The Utterback Case,” Washington (DC) Post, May 7, 1935, p. 8: 6.

Are Ethiopians Negroes?,” Washington (DC) Post, September 11, 1935, p. 6: 4-5.

Thinks Fighting Men Should Be Upheld In Fight Against Unfairness,” Pittsburg (PA) CourierRead the rest

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1904 (Arguing for Justice) William C. Oates

William Calvin Oates (House Divided)

Sources
Important primary sources include Oates’ perspective on the Civil War in “Gettysburg: The Battle on the Right,” Southern Historical Society Papers 6 (1878) and The War Between the Union and the Confederacy (1905). Oates also published articles on a variety of other topics, such as “The Homestead Strike, A Congressional View,” North American Review 155 (1892) and “Industrial Development of the South,” North American Review 161 (1895). In addition, the Gettysburg National Military Park has the letters in which Union Col. Joshua Chamberlain and Oates discussed whether a monument for the Fifteenth Alabama should be built on Little Round Top. As for Oates’ “private papers,” his profile on American National Biography notes that a descendant owns them. Key secondary sources include … Read the rest

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1912 (Arguing for Justice) Edward Day Cohota

Edward Day Cohota (US Army)

Narrative
Edward Day Cohota was a young Chinese immigrant who lied about his age to be able to enlist in the Union army in 1864.  He served with honor in the 23d Massachusetts (Army of the Potomac) during some of the war’s bloodiest campaigns in Virginia.  He was present at the Battle of Cold Harbor in June 1864 and helped save the life of a fellow soldier named Low who never forgot Cohota’s bravery.  Yet some Americans did forget the contributions of Chinese.  In 1882, Congress passed the first Chinese Exclusion Act.  The anti-Chinese legislation did not affect Cohota, however, until 1912 when he was denied an application for a homestead on the grounds that he was not a legitimate … Read the rest

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1912 (Arguing for Justice) Henry Shepherd

Henry Elliot Shepherd (House Divided)

Sources
Shepherd wrote several books, including The History of the English Language from the Teutonic Invasion of Britain to the close of the Georgian Era (1874),
Life of Robert Edward Lee (1906), and Narrative of Prison Life at Baltimore and Johnson’s Island, Ohio (1917). In addition, Documenting the American South has a short essay about Shepherd.

Places to Visit
Shepherd served in the 43rd North Carolina Infantry Regiment and was captured during the Battle of Gettysburg. The 43rd North Carolina’s monument at Gettysburg is located on East Confederate Avenue. While in Gettysburg you can also visit the Gettysburg National Military Park Museum and Visitor Center as well as tour the David Wills’ house.

Images
A photograph of Shepherd is … Read the rest

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1913- NY Commission Report on Gettysburg Reunion

The slideshow below includes some of the pictures that were originally published in the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg: Report of the New York State Commission (Albany: J. B. Lyon Co., 1916).

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1913- PA Commission Report on Gettysburg Reunion

Vermont’s Monument to Her First Cavalry, Detail (House Divided)

These are just some of the pictures that were published in the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg: Report of the Pennsylvania Commission December 31, 1913 (Harrisburg: Wm. Stanley Ray, 1915). See Pennsylvania Guests 1 for a picture of granddaughters of General Meade and General Hill. Pennsylvania Guests 2 is a picture of General Longstreet’s son, Grandsons of General Longstreet, and Grandsons of General Pickett.

                              

“Pennsylvania Guests 1” — Click on link to see full image.

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1913- Pickett’s Charge, Reunion at “Bloody Angle”

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“The reunion at “Bloody Angle” – Pickett’s men in for[e]ground; Union men lined against wall. Photo shows the Gettysburg Reunion (the Great Reunion) of July 1913, which commemorated the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg. ” – Text from Library of Congress Metadata

Posted by Don Sailer
Image Credit – George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

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1913- Pickett’s men at Bloody Angle

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“Photo shows the Gettysburg Reunion (the Great Reunion) of July 1913, which commemorated the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg ” – Text from Library of Congress Metadata

Posted by Don Sailer
Image Credit – George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

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1913- President Woodrow Wilson at Gettysburg

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Read President Wilson’s speech at Gettysburg (on July 4, 1913) here.

Posted by Don Sailer
Image Credit – George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
Speech Credit – : John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters, The American Presidency Project [online]. Santa Barbara, CA. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=65370

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1913- Two Veterans at 50th Anniversary

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Posted by Don Sailer
Image Credit – Harris & Ewing Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

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1917 (Arguing for Justice) Mary Walker

Mary Edwards Walker (Library of Congress)

Life & Family
President Andrew Johnson signed bill that authorized Medal of Honor for Walker. President Carter restored Walker’s Medal of Honor on June 10, 1977.

Sources
While Walker published two books – Hit: Essays on Women’s Rights (1871) and Unmasked, or the Science of Immorality, To Gentlemen by a Woman Physician (1878) – , she never wrote about her experiences as a surgeon during the Civil War. In addition,  the Mary Edwards Walker Papers at Syracuse University contain her correspondence.  Several books about Walker have recently been published, including Dale L. Walker’s Mary Edwards Walker: Above and Beyond (2005), Sharon M. Harris’ Dr. Mary Walker: An American Radical, 1832-1919 (2009), and Bonnie Z. Goldsmith’s Dr. Mary Edwards Walker: Civil Read the rest

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1922- US Marines at Gettysburg

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Note that this picture of US Marines at Gettysburg is from 1922; they did not participate in the 50th Anniversary

Posted by Don Sailer
Image Credit – National Photo Company Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

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1938- FDR at Gettysburg

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Image Caption – “Seventy-Fifth Anniversary Of Battle Of Gettysburg, PA”
Speech Credit – John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters, The American Presidency Project [online]. Santa Barbara, CA. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=15669

Click on links below for more pictures -
http://housedivided.dickinson.edu/ncc/images/FDR_2.jpg
http://housedivided.dickinson.edu/ncc/images/FDR_3.jpg
http://housedivided.dickinson.edu/ncc/images/FDR_4.jpg

Also, click here to read FDR’s speech (July 3, 1938)

Posted by Don Sailer
Image Credits – NARA M865 (Selected Photographs of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1913-1945); Footnote.com

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